history

Ohio: the 48th State

Megan's picture

The petition for statehood from the aspiring state of Ohio was carried by horse over hill and dale to Washington, D.C., where it was promptly delivered… in 1953. You may have learned in school that Ohio became a state on March 1, 1803. Although this is the recognized and official date, it hasn’t been without controversy. The 8th Congress neglected to give Congressional ratification to the state constitution - a key part to the process of becoming a state. This oversight was corrected on August 7, 1953, and Ohio was retroactively granted statehood. Until that moment, the state was technically still a part of the Northwest Territory.  

Gerald Tebben of the Columbus Dispatch points out that “tax protesters have periodically seized upon the 1953 resolution” to try to avoid paying federal income taxes, which became the law of the land in 1913. The courts have not been amused.

Other efforts to refute our 1803 statehood include a 1984 lawsuit to discount Ohio votes in the presidential election, which was covered by the Columbus Dispatch. The lawsuit failed to convince the courts that the 1953 retroactive declaration of statehood was an ex post facto law, and thus unconstitutional. Judge Barrington D. Parker said that the complaint was “completely devoid of merit.”  

To find the articles discussed in this post, enter your library card number to access the Columbus Dispatch Archives, or come to the library and use the microfilm to read articles from before 1985.

  • Tebben, Gerald, “Break out 50 Candles for Ohio?” Columbus Dispatch, August 7, 2003.
  • Judge Rules that Ohio is a State, Ends Lawsuit” Columbus Dispatch, July 22, 1984.

To learn more about Ohio, come to the Ohio Room in the Reference Department and read these and many other titles:

"A Light that Never Goes Out: the Enduring Saga of The Smiths" by Tony Fletcher

Vita's picture

This is a detailed story of the band The Smiths by a clearly ardent fan that would certainly be of interest to other fans of the band (like myself), but also to anyone following the history of indie music. They are such an English band, and the author details many locations and subtexts that may not be readily apparent to those who are not native Mancunians or familiar with British pop culture and local history. He talks about all of the band’s influences and shows the reader where they fit into musical history. This is a really thick book of 704 pages covering the span of the band’s life, so there’s a lot of detail here, considering they were only together for 6 years.

About the UA Archives in a Nutshell

UA Archives is the Upper Arlington Public Library’s digital library initiative. Through the UA Archives, the library partners with local organizations and individuals to digitally preserve our community’s historical resources and make them available online. You can use the UA Archives to:

Learn more or Visit the archives

About the UA Archives

UA Archives is the Upper Arlington Public Library’s digital library initiative. Through the UA Archives, the library partners with local organizations and individuals to digitally preserve our community’s historical resources and make them available online. You can use the UA Archives to:

 

Visit the Archives

 

Goal & Partners

The goal of the UA Archives digital library program is to preserve original documents, photographs, maps, and other media related to the history and culture of Upper Arlington, Ohio, while offering increased visibility and improved access to these valuable primary reference sources. The Upper Arlington Public Library initiated the program in November 2002. Soon afterward, the library approached the Upper Arlington Historical Society with an offer to digitize and provide online access to the Historical Society’s holdings, which include community documents and photographs. In 2009, the library formed a partnership with the Upper Arlington City School District and the Upper Arlington Alumni Association, which allowed the library to digitize and provide online access to the Upper Arlington High School’s Norwester yearbooks. As part of the library’s agreement with the schools, there will always be a ten-year delay for any yearbooks presented online, so the collection initially included all yearbooks from 1923–1999 with a new volume added each year. More recently, the library has partnered with the City of Upper Arlington to digitally preserve and present volumes of historic minutes from Upper Arlington’s Village Commission and City Council. Through the UA Archives, the Upper Arlington Public Library will continue to lend its expertise to an increasing number of community organizations and individuals by digitizing, cataloging, and providing access to items of historical interest.

Content

The UA Archives website currently includes over 17,000 pages of Norwester yearbooks, chronicling eight decades of Upper Arlington history through text and photographs. In addition to student, faculty, and staff photos, each issue contains articles about school sports, organizations, and activities as well as information on local businesses, current events, and trends. More recent additions to the UA Archives website include the Record of Proceedings of the Village (City) of Upper Arlington, Ohio, which begins in 1918 when the village was first formed. These valuable primary documents bear firsthand witness to the creation of our community. The UA Archives also features approximately 2,000 pages from the Norwester magazine. The magazine was published monthly by the Upper Arlington community from November 1917 through March 1922 and is a rich resource for historical, cultural, architectural, and genealogical information. Each issue includes photographs and articles covering local architecture, residents, domestic life, schools, sports, gardening, and nature, among other topics. Additionally, the Norwester magazine contains several first-hand accounts of World War I, which were sent to the magazine from local residents stationed in Europe.

Development & Community Involvement

As the UA Archives website evolves, it will include oral histories recorded by some of the earliest residents of the community, as well as a wide variety of other materials. Further items from the collections of the Upper Arlington Historical Society will be added, such as blueprints of homes, photos and slides, personal histories, letters, maps, and genealogies of early Upper Arlington residents. The library also plans to include additional material from the city government, schools, churches, and other community organizations, as well as private collections from local residents and businesses. Visit our How to Participate page to learn how you can get involved.

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